Nov 11

Cigarette Smoking In The U.S. Continues To Fall


The number of cigarette smokers in the United States has dropped by 8.6 million since 2005 — and that fall could be accelerated by a tobacco tax just passed in California.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says smoking rates have fallen from 21 percent of the adult population in 2005 to 15 percent in 2015, when the agency conducted its latest survey. The smoking rate fell by 1.7 percentage points between 2014 and 2015 alone — a substantial decline, according to a report Thursday in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Smokers light up less when cigarettes are more expensive. So, more smokers may have been nudged to quit after the federal government increased tobacco taxes by 62 cents a pack in 2009. California voters approved a $2 a pack tax on Election Day, so rates there are likely to fall further.

“Raising the tobacco tax is probably the single most effective way to reduce smoking, especially among kids,” says Vincent Willmore, vice president for communication at the Center for Tobacco Free Kids. That organization and other public health advocates pressed for passage of the California tobacco tax. “The California vote was a huge victory for kids and health,” he says.

The tax will not only discourage people from purchasing cigarettes, it will also fund a renewed anti-smoking effort in the state, Willmore says.

While that initiative won, tobacco control advocates lost similar efforts in Colorado and North Dakota.

The story was topsy-turvy in Missouri, where the tobacco industry actually supported a 17-cent-per-pack tax, while advocates opposed it as too little to discourage smoking. Voters in Missouri rejected that tax.

Tobacco is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. The CDC says it’s linked to 40 percent of all cancer cases, and 30 percent of cancer deaths. The government is striving to reduce smoking rates to 12 percent of the adult population by the year 2020, and is making progress toward that goal.

The latest drop in smoking rates was documented in the National Health Interview Study, which relies on people meeting face-to-face with survey-takers and reporting their habits. The 1.7 percentage-point drop between 2014 and 2015 is especially sharp, but it follows a recent downward trend.

In addition to the higher federal cigarette tax, there have been several national stop-smoking campaigns, such as The Truth. The Affordable Care Act has also increased access to smoking-cessation programs.

Progress nationally is uneven. The CDC’s new report notes that smoking rates are lowest in the West, even though taxes are higher elsewhere. They are highest in the Midwest.

Smoking is more common among men, and among American Indian/Native Alaskans. Smoking rates are low among Asians and people with college degrees.

Another trend has paralleled the recent decrease in cigarette smoking: Vaping has taken off in the United States. That has led some researchers to wonder whether some of the decline in cigarette use is a result of people switching to these vaping devices. At this point, there’s no data to show how much vaping is contributing to the downward trend in smoking.

E-cigarettes certainly aren’t a panacea. About 60 percent of adult people who use them also smoke cigarettes. Vaping also provides users with addictive nicotine doses. And public health officials are concerned that some youngsters who start vaping will then become smokers.

Source: NPR

Nov 11

Fewer in U.S. Smoke, But Smoking’s Death Toll Continues


THURSDAY, Nov. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) — There’s good news and bad news on smoking: Rates of smoking in the United States have tumbled to new lows, but health officials still estimate that four out of every 10 cancers is linked to the habit.

The latest report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention finds that cigarette smoking dropped from 21 percent of U.S. adults (45 million) in 2005 to 15 percent (37 million) in 2015.

But in a Thursday media briefing, CDC officials also stressed that as many as 40 percent of cancers may be related to tobacco use.

“Although smoking rates are at an all-time low, tobacco causes cancer of at least 12 parts of the body, accounts for three in 10 cancer deaths, and will kill 6 million current smokers unless we implement programs that help them quit,” CDC director Dr. Tom Frieden said during the briefing.

The CDC notes that besides triggering lung cancer, smoking can also lead to tumors of the mouth and throat, voice box, esophagus, stomach, kidney, pancreas, liver, bladder, cervix, colon and rectum, as well as a type of blood cancer called acute myeloid leukemia.

In addition to cancer, smoking also contributes greatly to heart attacks, strokes and the majority of cases of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), Frieden said.

According to another report released Nov. 10, every year between 2009 and 2013, some 660,000 Americans were diagnosed with a tobacco-related cancer and about 343,000 died from such a cancer.

Cancer accounted for three in 10 deaths among cigarette smokers, the report noted.

However progress has been made, Frieden said, and since 1990, about 1.3 million tobacco-related cancer deaths among Americans have been avoided.

“The smoking rate is almost a third of what it was in 1965,” Harold Wimmer, president and CEO of the American Lung Association, added in a press release. “This is remarkable progress, and as a nation, we have seen some of the health benefits. However, tobacco use still accounts for an unacceptably high number of cancer diagnoses and deaths each year, especially lung cancer, which accounts for more than 126,000 deaths each year,” he said.

And more and more people are either not taking up the smoking habit, or they are quitting, CDC researchers say. In fact, in just one year — 2014-2015 — the number of adults smoking cigarettes dropped nearly 2 percent.

The result: Cigarette smoking is now at its lowest since the CDC began collecting data in 1965, researchers said.

The CDC credits state tobacco programs for the continued decline in smoking. These programs focus on reducing cancer risk, detecting cancer early, improving cancer treatments, helping more people survive cancer, improving cancer survivors’ quality of life, and better assisting communities affected by cancer, the agency said.

“Funding for these programs will yield a return on investment,” Frieden said. “States that invest in these initiatives will reduce tobacco use that will result in fewer people with cancer, fewer deaths and reduced health care costs. It has been estimated that the annual cost of caring for an ex-smoker is $1,000 less than the annual cost of caring for a smoker,” he said.

These programs also use strategies to prevent kids and young adults from starting to smoke. In addition, they help eliminate exposure to secondhand smoke, Frieden said.

“Progress across the U.S. has been inconsistent,” he said. “There are large disparities among groups of people who use tobacco and in the groups affected by tobacco-related cancers.”

According to the CDC, blacks still have the highest rate of deaths from smoking-related causes, compared with other groups, including those without a college education and people living in poverty.

Moreover, blacks are usually diagnosed later, when cancer is advanced, and they die earlier, Frieden said. This is related to the poorer quality of care many blacks receive, he said.

Among Americans, the Northeast has the highest prevalence of smokers, (202 per 100,000) and the West the lowest (170 per 100,000).

Rates for tobacco-related cancers are higher among men (250 per 100,000) than women (148 per 100,000), the researchers found.

According to Frieden, the FDA has approved seven different smoking cessation treatments, which can also double or triple the likelihood that a smoker who wants to quit will succeed, he said.

As for e-cigarettes, Frieden said scant evidence exists that they help smokers quit.

“We’ve heard stories of people who tell us they were able to quit using e-cigarettes — that’s a good thing,” he said. “But no company has brought any e-cigarette to the FDA claiming that it can increase cessation rates. What we are seeing is that the majority of Americans using e-cigarettes continue to smoke.”



Nov 11

Tobacco linked to 40 percent of US cancers


Tobacco use remains the most preventable cause of cancer, and 40 percent of diagnosed US cancer cases may have a link to its use, health authorities said Thursday.

Lung cancer, acute myeloid leukemia, and tumors of the mouth and throat, voice box, esophagus, stomach, kidney, pancreas, liver, bladder, cervix, colon and rectum are all caused by tobacco use, according the report by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

“There are more than 36 million smokers in the US,” said CDC director Tom Frieden in a statement.

“Sadly, nearly half could die prematurely from tobacco-related illnesses, including six million from cancer, unless we implement the programs that will help smokers quit.”

The CDC Vital Signs report found that every year from 2009 to 2013, about 660,000 people in the United States were diagnosed with a cancer related to tobacco use.

About 343,000 people died each year from these cancers.

“Three in ten cancer deaths were due to cigarette smoking,” said the report.

Lung cancer is the top cause of tobacco related smoking, followed by colon cancer and pancreatic cancer.

Cigarette-smoking is on the decline, down from 21 percent (45.1 million) of the US population in 2005 to 15 percent (36.5 million) in 2015.

This is the lowest point for cigarette smoking since data began to be collected in 1965.

Since 1990, about 1.3 million tobacco-related cancer deaths have been avoided, the CDC added.


Source: Yahoo News

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